The Message of the Tawrat, the Zabur and the Injil
Translated by Shehe Ibulahima and Haward Issah
Copyright (c) Shehe Ibulahima and Haward Issah
P O Box 405, Mangochi, MALAWI 1995
Introduction to The Message of the Tawrat, the Zabur and the Injil
Salaam Alaikum! (Peace be with you!)
Although most Muslims know that the Tawrat, the Zabur and the Injil is part of the Holy Writ of Islam, few have actually studied it. This book was written to help you to understand the Message of the Tawrat, the Zabur and the Injil. The Tawrat is sometimes known by the followers of Jesus as the Old Testament; the Zabur as the Psalms, and the Injil as the New Testament.
The Old Testament includes four parts:
- The Law, which is the first five books of Moses.
- Historical books describing the history of the Children of Israel.
- The Wisdom Writings, which include the Zabur, the Proverbs of Solomon the Wise and the Book of the prophet Job. Zabur was written by the prophet David and other prophets.
- The Books of the Prophets (like Jonah, Isaiah and Jeremiah).
These books of the Old Testament were revealed between 3300 and 2300 years ago.
The New Testament, which is often called the Injil, includes the following four parts:
- The four accounts of the Good Message about Jesus the Messiah (that is the Good Message according to Matthew, according to Mark, according to Luke, and according to John).
- An account of how the Good Message spread immediately after the life of Jesus the Messiah. This is called the Acts of the Apostles.
- The letters written by the Apostles to churches and believers.
- The Revelation God gave to the apostle John of the things to come in the last days.
These books of the New Testament were revealed between 1950 and 1900 years ago.
Each passage of Scripture has a brief introduction to explain the main message, how it was revealed, or to whom. This is written like this.
Each Study ends off with one or more prayers from the Holy Scriptures. You may read them aloud and offer them as prayers to God. You can also learn the prayers, or all the Scriptures, off by heart.
Each Study is followed by some questions. This is to help you to understand the Word of God. The correct answers are given at the end of the book. However, do not read the answers until you have finished all the questions of a lesson.
1. God is One and has created man to serve and to love Him
The Tawrat, which was revealed to Moses, forbids every kind of idolatry. The Ten Commandments declare that there is no God but God. He alone is to be worshipped:
3“You shall have no other gods before me.
4“You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. 5You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God…”
Exodus 20: 3-5a
When Jesus the Messiah was asked which of God’s commandments were the most important, He quoted words from the Tawrat that was given to people of Israel through the prophet Moses:
29“The most important one,” answered Jesus, “is this: `Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one. 30Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.'”
Mark 12: 29-30
The apostle Paul condemns idolatry together with other serious sins:
19The acts of the sinful nature are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity and debauchery; 20idolatry and witchcraft; hatred, discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions 21and envy; drunkenness, orgies, and the like. I warn you, as I did before, that those who live like this will not inherit the kingdom of God.
Galatians 5: 19-21
The Apostle John writes that the people that do the following sinful things will be cast into hell by God. One of them is idolatry:
8But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practise magic arts, the idolaters and all liars ‑ their place will be in the fiery lake of burning sulphur. This is the second death.”
Revelation 21: 8
In the Zabur the Prophet tells the people to praise God because we can see His greatness in the whole world that He has created:
1Sing joyfully to the LORD, you righteous;
it is fitting for the upright to praise him.
4For the word of the LORD is right and true;
he is faithful in all he does.
5The LORD loves righteousness and justice;
the earth is full of his unfailing love.
6By the word of the LORD were the heavens made,
their starry host by the breath of his mouth.
7He gathers the waters of the sea into jars;
he puts the deep into storehouses.
8Let all the earth fear the LORD;
let all the people of the world revere him.
9For he spoke, and it came to be;
he commanded, and it stood firm.
Psalms 33: 1, 4-9
In the Zabur the Prophet also tells the people to worship and to praise God for the way He has revealed Himself through His mighty acts in history:
1Give thanks to the LORD, call on his name;
make known among the nations what he has done.
2Sing to him, sing praise to him;
tell of all his wonderful acts.
3Glory in his holy name;
let the hearts of those who seek the LORD rejoice.
4Look to the LORD and his strength;
seek his face always.
5Remember the wonders he has done,
his miracles, and the judgments he pronounced,
6O descendants of Abraham his servant,
O sons of Jacob, his chosen ones.
Psalms 105: 1-6
Prayers of worship from the Zabur:
The Prophet praises God as the Creator of the whole world:
1Come, let us sing for joy to the LORD;
let us shout aloud to the Rock of our salvation.
2Let us come before him with thanksgiving
and extol him with music and song.
3For the LORD is the great God,
the great King above all gods.
4In his hand are the depths of the earth,
and the mountain peaks belong to him.
5The sea is his, for he made it,
and his hands formed the dry land.
6Come, let us bow down in worship,
let us kneel before the LORD our Maker;
7for he is our God and we are the people of his pasture,
the flock under his care.
Psalms 95: 1-7
The Prophet praises God as his creator:
1O LORD, you have searched me and you know me.
2You know when I sit and when I rise;
you perceive my thoughts from afar.
3You discern my going out and my lying down;
you are familiar with all my ways.
4Before a word is on my tongue
you know it completely, O LORD.
5You hem me in ‑ behind and before;
you have laid your hand upon me.
6Such knowledge is too wonderful for me,
too lofty for me to attain.
13For you created my inmost being;
you knit me together in my mother’s womb.
14I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made;
your works are wonderful, I know that full well.
Psalms 139: 1-6, 13-14
- How are many gods are there according to the Ten Commandments?
- How many true Gods are there according to Isa?
- What is the punishment for idolatry according to the apostle Paul?
- What is the punishment for idolaters according to the apostle John?
- What did the prophet call the people to do in Psalm 33?
- Why should we praise God?
2. God Gave His Laws to Man
We find the Ten Commandments in the Tawrat. God gave it to the people of Israel after He had delivered them from slavery in Egypt:
1And God spoke all these words:
2“I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.
3“You shall have no other gods before me.
4“You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. 5You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.
7“You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.
8“Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. 9Six days you shall labour and do all your work, 10but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. 11For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
12“Honour your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.
13“You shall not murder.
14“You shall not commit adultery.
15“You shall not steal.
16“You shall not give false testimony against your neighbour.
17“You shall not covet your neighbour’s house. You shall not covet your neighbour’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbour.”
Exodus 20: 1-17
Jesus the Messiah summed up the Ten Commandments in two important commandments: love God and love your neighbour:
34Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together. 35One of them, an expert in the law, tested him with this question: 36“Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?”
37Jesus replied: “`Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ 38This is the first and greatest commandment. 39And the second is like it: `Love your neighbour as yourself.’ 40All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”
Matthew 22: 34-40
Jesus the Messiah taught that God’s laws does not only apply to what we do, but also to what we think:
21“You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, `Do not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ 22But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to his brother, `Raca,’ is answerable to the Sanhedrin. But anyone who says, `You fool!’ will be in danger of the fire of hell.
23“Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to your brother; then come and offer your gift.”
Matthew 5: 21-24
Jesus the Messiah taught that God expects much more of us than we expect of ourselves:
43“You have heard that it was said, `Love your neighbour and hate your enemy.’ 44But I tell you: Love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you, 45that you may be sons of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.
Matthew 5: 43-45
In Zabur surah 119 the Prophet says that he wants to obey the laws of God:
1Blessed are they whose ways are blameless,
who walk according to the law of the LORD.
2Blessed are they who keep his statutes
and seek him with all their heart.
3They do nothing wrong; they walk in his ways.
4You have laid down precepts that are to be fully obeyed.
5Oh, that my ways were steadfast
in obeying your decrees!
6Then I would not be put to shame
when I consider all your commands.
7I will praise you with an upright heart
as I learn your righteous laws.
8I will obey your decrees; do not utterly forsake me.
9How can a young man keep his way pure?
By living according to your word.
10I seek you with all my heart;
do not let me stray from your commands.
11I have hidden your word in my heart
that I might not sin against you.
12Praise be to you, O LORD;
teach me your decrees.
13With my lips I recount all the laws
that come from your mouth.
14I rejoice in following your statutes
as one rejoices in great riches.
15I meditate on your precepts
and consider your ways.
16I delight in your decrees;
I will not neglect your word.
Psalms 119: 1-16
- What two important commandments did Jesus give when He summed up the Ten Commandments?
- Jesus the Messiah taught that God’s laws not only apply to what we do, but also to our…
- What examples did Jesus give to show that what God expect of us is higher than what we expect of ourselves?
- How can a young man keep his life pure according to the prophet who wrote Psalm 119?
3. God warns man of the consequences if he does not keep His laws.
The story of the Garden of Eden is found near the beginning of the Tawrat. God warned Adam and Eve that if they disobey his command, they would die. This death meant that their bodies would die and that they would be separated from God:
8Now the LORD God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there he put the man he had formed. 9And the LORD God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground ‑ trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
15The LORD God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it. 16And the LORD God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; 17but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die.”
Genesis 2: 8-9, 15-17
Satan came to Eve as a snake to tempt her. First Eve and then Adam disobeyed God’s command:
1Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, `You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?”
2The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden, 3but God did say, `You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.'”
4“You will not surely die,” the serpent said to the woman. 5“For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
6When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it. 7Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realised that they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.
8Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the LORD God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the LORD God among the trees of the garden. 9But the LORD God called to the man, “Where are you?”
10He answered, “I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.”
11And he said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree from which I commanded you not to eat?”
12The man said, “The woman you put here with me ‑ she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”
13Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”
Genesis 3: 1-13
God expelled Adam and Eve from the Garden to show that they no longer had any right to have fellowship with Him:
22And the LORD God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live for ever.” 23So the LORD God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken. 24After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.
Genesis 3: 22-24
The prophet Ezekiel explains to the people that God holds every man responsible for his own sins. We cannot blame our parents, friends, evil spirits or anyone else for our sins:
1The word of the LORD came to me: 2“What do you people mean by quoting this proverb about the land of Israel:
“`The fathers eat sour grapes,
and the children’s teeth are set on edge’?
3“As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, you will no longer quote this proverb in Israel. 4For every living soul belongs to me, the father as well as the son ‑ both alike belong to me. The soul who sins is the one who will die.
30“Therefore, O house of Israel, I will judge you, each one according to his ways, declares the Sovereign LORD. Repent! Turn away from all your offenses; then sin will not be your downfall. 31Rid yourselves of all the offenses you have committed, and get a new heart and a new spirit. Why will you die, O house of Israel? 32For I take no pleasure in the death of anyone, declares the Sovereign LORD. Repent and live!
Ezekiel 18: 1-4, 30-32
The Apostle Paul declares that all men have broken the Laws of God and are therefore under the power of sin. The word `sin’ means to disobey God and failure to do what the Law of God requires:
9What shall we conclude then? Are we any better? Not at all! We have already made the charge that Jews and Gentiles alike are all under sin. 10As it is written:
“There is no‑one righteous, not even one;
11 there is no‑one who understands, no‑one who seeks God.
12 All have turned away, they have together become worthless; there is no‑one who does good, not even one.”
13 “Their throats are open graves; their tongues practise deceit.”
“The poison of vipers is on their lips.”
14 “Their mouths are full of cursing and bitterness.”
15 “Their feet are swift to shed blood;
16 ruin and misery mark their ways,
17 and the way of peace they do not know.”
18 “There is no fear of God before their eyes.”
19Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the whole world held accountable to God. 20Therefore no‑one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin.
23..All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God..
Romans 3: 9-20, 23
In the Zabur surah 51 the Prophet David confesses his sins to God after he committed adultery and begs for forgiveness:
1Have mercy on me, O God,
according to your unfailing love;
according to your great compassion
blot out my transgressions.
2Wash away all my iniquity
and cleanse me from my sin.
3For I know my transgressions,
and my sin is always before me.
4Against you, you only, have I sinned
and done what is evil in your sight,
so that you are proved right when you speak
and justified when you judge.
5Surely I was sinful at birth,
sinful from the time my mother conceived me.
6Surely you desire truth in the inner parts;
you teach me wisdom in the inmost place.
7Cleanse me with hyssop, and I shall be clean;
wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
8Let me hear joy and gladness;
let the bones you have crushed rejoice.
9Hide your face from my sins
and blot out all my iniquity.
Psalms 51: 1-9
- God warned Adam and Eve that if they sinned, they would die. What does this death mean?
- Adam blamed Eve, and Eve blamed the serpent for causing them to disobey God’s command. Who was responsible for their sin?
- Who does God hold responsible for your sin?
- Is there any person in the world who has not sinned?
- What does the word `sin’ means.
- What did the prophet David do when He sinned?
4. God is merciful and loving and wants to forgive us
In the Zabur the Prophet says that God is like a Father who loves and cares for His children:
8The LORD is compassionate and gracious,
slow to anger, abounding in love.
9He will not always accuse,
nor will he harbour his anger for ever;
10he does not treat us as our sins deserve
or repay us according to our iniquities.
11For as high as the heavens are above the earth,
so great is his love for those who fear him;
12as far as the east is from the west,
so far has he removed our transgressions from us.
13As a father has compassion on his children,
so the LORD has compassion on those who fear him;
14for he knows how we are formed,
he remembers that we are dust.
Psalms 103: 8-14
God is also a righteous God. He is a just Judge who cannot let the guilty go free without punishment. God revealed through the prophet Jeremiah that sin is serious. It is not an unimportant thing for God so that he can just forget about it:
“Why should I forgive you? Your children have forsaken me and sworn by gods that are not gods. I supplied all their needs, yet they committed adultery and thronged to the houses of prostitutes.
“Should I not punish them for this?” declares the LORD. “Should I not avenge myself on such a nation as this?”
Jeremiah 5: 7, 9
Because God loves us, He does not want to punish us as we deserve. He wants to forgive us. This is what God says through the prophet Hosea:
“How can I give you up, Ephraim? How can I hand you over, Israel?… My heart is changed within me; all my compassion is aroused. I will not carry out my fierce anger, nor will I turn and devastate Ephraim. For I am God, and not man ‑ the Holy One among you. I will not come in wrath.
Hosea 11: 8a, 8c-9
In the Tawrat God revealed to Moses that Aaron and the priests were to offer sacrifices to purify the people from their sins. A life must be given to pay for the sins of the people. The full meaning of these sacrifices was not revealed until the coming of the Messiah:
Moses said to Aaron, “Come to the altar and sacrifice your sin offering and your burnt offering and make atonement for yourself and the people; sacrifice the offering that is for the people and make atonement for them, as the LORD has commanded.”
Leviticus 9: 7
Every day sacrifices were brought for the sins of the people. But there was one day every year when special sacrifices were offered. This was called the Day of Atonement:
5“From the Israelite community he is to take two male goats for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. Aaron is to offer the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household. Then he is to take the two goats and present them before the LORD at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. He is to cast lots for the two goats ‑ one lot for the LORD and the other for the scapegoat. Aaron shall bring the goat whose lot falls to the LORD and sacrifice it for a sin offering. But the goat chosen by lot as the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD to be used for making atonement by sending it into the desert as a scapegoat.
“He is to lay both hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the wickedness and rebellion of the Israelites ‑ all their sins ‑ and put them on the goat’s head. He shall send the goat away into the desert in the care of a man appointed for the task. The goat will carry on itself all their sins to a solitary place; and the man shall release it in the desert.
Leviticus 16: 5-10, 21-22
These sacrifices could not take away the sins of the people. They were only to remind the people of God of their sins and to show them that God would one day send the real sacrafice, the Messiah:
1The law is only a shadow of the good things that are coming ‑ not the realities themselves. For this reason it can never, by the same sacrifices repeated endlessly year after year, make perfect those who draw near to worship. 2If it could, would they not have stopped being offered? For the worshippers would have been cleansed once for all, and would no longer have felt guilty for their sins. 3But those sacrifices are an annual reminder of sins, 4because it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. 5Therefore, when Christ came into the world, he said:
“Sacrifice and offering you did not desire,
but a body you prepared for me;
6with burnt offerings and sin offerings
you were not pleased.
7Then I said, `Here I am ‑ it is written about me in the scroll
‑ I have come to do your will, O God.'”
Hebrews 10: 1-7
The Messiah was sacrificed for the sins of all the people of God:
25Nor did he enter heaven to offer himself again and again, the way the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood that is not his own. 26Then Christ would have had to suffer many times since the creation of the world. But now he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to do away with sin by the sacrifice of himself. 27Just as man is destined to die once, and after that to face judgment, 28so Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many people; and he will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him.
Hebrews 9: 25-28
In the Zabur the prophet David expresses his joy because he knows that his sins have been forgiven:
Blessed is he whose transgressions are forgiven,
whose sins are covered.
Blessed is the man
whose sin the LORD does not count against him
and in whose spirit is no deceit.
When I kept silent,
my bones wasted away through my groaning all day long.
For day and night your hand was heavy upon me;
my strength was sapped as in the heat of summer.
Then I acknowledged my sin to you
and did not cover up my iniquity.
I said, “I will confess my transgressions to the LORD”
‑ and you forgave the guilt of my sin.
Therefore let everyone who is godly
pray to you while you may be found;
surely when the mighty waters rise,
they will not reach him.
You are my hiding‑place;
you will protect me from trouble
and surround me with songs of deliverance.
Psalms 32: 1-7
- Why did the prophet David say that God is like a Father to us?
- All of us have sinned. Do we deserve to be punished by God?
- Does God want to punish us, of does he want to forgive us?
- What did Aaron have to do to take away the sins of the people in Leviticus 9:7?
- What important sacrifices were brought on the Day of Atonement?
- This was to show us God’s scapegoat who would take away the sins of the world. Who was he?
5. God revealed to His prophets that He would come to live among men
God reveals Himself to man through His Word. The prophet Isaiah speaks of how God acts in the world through His Word:
10“As the rain and the snow come down from heaven,
and do not return to it without watering the earth
and making it bud and flourish,
so that it yields seed for the sower and bread for the eater,
11so is my word that goes out from my mouth:
It will not return to me empty,
but will accomplish what I desire
and achieve the purpose for which I sent it.”
Isaiah 55: 10-11
In the Tawrat God commanded Moses to make a Tabernacle for worship, so that the people could know that God was with them. God rules over everything, but He also wants to be near to His people. This is the laws that He gave to Moses:
1“Do not make idols or set up an image or a sacred stone for yourselves, and do not place a carved stone in your land to bow down before it. I am the LORD your God.
11“I will put my dwelling place among you, and I will not abhor you. 12I will walk among you and be your God, and you will be my people. 13I am the LORD your God…”
Leviticus 26: 1, 11-13a
The LORD said to Moses:
44“So I will consecrate the Tent of Meeting and the altar and will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests. 45Then I will dwell among the Israelites and be their God. 46They will know that I am the LORD their God, who brought them out of Egypt so that I might dwell among them. I am the LORD their God.”
Exodus 29: 44-46
God revealed through the prophet Ezekiel that one day He would come to live among His people in a new way:
26“I will make a covenant of peace with them; it will be an everlasting covenant. I will establish them and increase their numbers, and I will put my sanctuary among them for ever. 27My dwelling place will be with them; I will be their God, and they will be my people.”
God said through the prophet Isaiah that he would reveal His glory to all the nations:
3A voice of one calling in the desert:
“Prepare the way for the LORD;
make straight in the wilderness
a highway for our God.
4Every valley shall be raised up,
every mountain and hill made low;
the rough ground shall become level,
the rugged places a plain.
5And the glory of the LORD will be revealed,
and all mankind together will see it.
For the mouth of the LORD has spoken.”
Isaiah 40: 3-5
Similarly God said to the prophet Malachi that He would suddenly come to His Temple. But before this happens, He will send a `messenger’ to prepare the way by showing the way of salvation to the people:
1“See, I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,” says the Lord Almighty.
Malachi 3: 1
When John the Baptist was born, his father, who was a priest and prophet of God, prophesied this over him:
67His father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied:
68“Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel,
because he has come and has redeemed his people.
69He has raised up a horn of salvation for us
in the house of his servant David
70(as he said through his holy prophets of long ago).
76And you, my child, will be called a prophet of the Most High;
for you will go on before the Lord to prepare the way for him,
77 to give his people the knowledge of salvation
through the forgiveness of their sins,
78 because of the tender mercy of our God…”
Luke 1: 67-70, 76-78a
John the Baptist is the `messenger’ sent by God to `prepare the way for the Lord’ before the Lord will suddenly `come to his temple’:
2..The word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the desert. 3He went into all the country around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 4As is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet:
“A voice of one calling in the desert,
`Prepare the way for the Lord,
make straight paths for him…”
Luke 3: 2b-4
In the Tawrat, Prophets and Zabur we read many prophesies that God is going to reveal Himself more fully to men. The prophet Micah, for example, prophesies that God will raise up a descendants of David to rule over His people:
2“But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.”
Micah 5: 2
In the Zabur the Prophet is full of joy because God is going to come to rule the world with justice:
10Say among the nations, “The LORD reigns.”
The world is firmly established, it cannot be moved;
he will judge the peoples with equity.
11Let the heavens rejoice, let the earth be glad;
let the sea resound, and all that is in it;
12 let the fields be jubilant, and everything in them.
Then all the trees of the forest will sing for joy;
13 they will sing before the LORD, for he comes,
he comes to judge the earth.
He will judge the world in righteousness
and the peoples in his truth.
Psalms 96: 10-13
The Prophet Isaiah confesses the sins of the people. He asks God to reveal Himself to men in a powerful way as He has done in the past:
1Oh, that you would rend the heavens and come down,
that the mountains would tremble before you!
2As when fire sets twigs ablaze and causes water to boil,
come down to make your name known to your enemies
and cause the nations to quake before you!
3For when you did awesome things that we did not expect,
you came down, and the mountains trembled before you.
4Since ancient times no‑one has heard, no ear has perceived,
no eye has seen any God besides you,
who acts on behalf of those who wait for him.
5You come to the help of those who gladly do right,
who remember your ways.
But when we continued to sin against them, you were angry.
How then can we be saved?
6All of us have become like one who is unclean,
and all our righteous acts are like filthy rags;
we all shrivel up like a leaf,
and like the wind our sins sweep us away.
7No‑one calls on your name or strives to lay hold of you;
for you have hidden your face from us
and made us waste away because of our sins.
8Yet, O LORD, you are our Father.
We are the clay, you are the potter;
we are all the work of your hand.
9Do not be angry beyond measure, O LORD;
do not remember our sins for ever.
Oh, look upon us we pray,
for we are all your people.
Isaiah 64: 1-9
- In what way does God make Himself known among His people?
- Why did God command Moses to make a Tabernacle for Himself?
and _____________________________________________________________________ _______________________________
- What did God reveal through the prophet Ezekiel?
- God revealed through the prophet Malachi that would suddenly come to His Temple. Before this happens, He would send His `messenger’ to prepare the way. Who was this?
- According to the prophet Micah, where will the descendant of David, who will be king, be born?
6. God sent Jesus the Messiah as his Word
God sent an angel to Mary to announce to her that a holy child will be born out of her through the power of the Holy Spirit:
26In the sixth month, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, 27to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. 28The angel went to her and said, “Greetings, you who are highly favoured! The Lord is with you.”
29Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. 30But the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favour with God. 31You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus. 32He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. 33The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob for ever; his kingdom will never end.”
34“How will this be,” Mary asked the angel, “since I am a virgin?”
35The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.
38“I am the Lord’s servant,” Mary answered. “May it be to me as you have said.” Then the angel left her.
Luke 1: 26-35, 38
The story of the birth of Jesus the Messiah:
1In those days Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world. 3And everyone went to his own town to register.
4So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David. 5He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child. 6While they were there, the time came for the baby to be born, 7and she gave birth to her firstborn, a son. She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.
8And there were shepherds living out in the fields near by, keeping watch over their flocks at night. 9An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. 10But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid. I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people. 11Today in the town of David a Saviour has been born to you; he is Christ the Lord. 12This will be a sign to you: You will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger.”
13Suddenly a great company of the heavenly host appeared with the angel, praising God and saying,
14 “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace to men on whom his favour rests.”
15When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, “Let’s go to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about.”
16So they hurried off and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby, who was lying in the manger. 17When they had seen him, they spread the word concerning what had been told them about this child, 18and all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds said to them. 19But Mary treasured up all these things and pondered them in her heart. 20The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things they had heard and seen, which were just as they had been told.
Luke 2: 1, 3-20
When Jesus the Messiah was 30 years old, He started His public ministry. These were some of the miracles He performed to show God’s love and care for all people:
* He raised the dead:
1Now a man named Lazarus was sick. He was from Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha. 2This Mary, whose brother Lazarus now lay sick, was the same one who poured perfume on the Lord and wiped his feet with her hair. 3So the sisters sent word to Jesus, “Lord, the one you love is sick.”
4When he heard this, Jesus said, “This sickness will not end in death. No, it is for God’s glory so that God’s Son may be glorified through it.” 5Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus. 6Yet when he heard that Lazarus was sick, he stayed where he was two more days.
7Then he said to his disciples, “Let us go back to Judea.”
11After he had said this, he went on to tell them, “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep; but I am going there to wake him up.”
12His disciples replied, “Lord, if he sleeps, he will get better.” 13Jesus had been speaking of his death, but his disciples thought he meant natural sleep.
14So then he told them plainly, “Lazarus is dead, 15and for your sake I am glad I was not there, so that you may believe. But let us go to him.”
17On his arrival, Jesus found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb for four days. 18Bethany was less than two miles from Jerusalem, 19and many Jews had come to Martha and Mary to comfort them in the loss of their brother. 20When Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went out to meet him, but Mary stayed at home.
21“Lord,” Martha said to Jesus, “if you had been here, my brother would not have died. 22But I know that even now God will give you whatever you ask.”
23Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.”
24Martha answered, “I know he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day.”
25Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies; 26and whoever lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?”
27“Yes, Lord,” she told him, “I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who was to come into the world.”
33When Jesus saw Mary weeping, and the Jews who had come along with her also weeping, he was deeply moved in spirit and troubled. 34“Where have you laid him?” he asked.
“Come and see, Lord,” they replied.
36Then the Jews said, “See how he loved him!”
37But some of them said, “Could not he who opened the eyes of the blind man have kept this man from dying?”
38Jesus, once more deeply moved, came to the tomb. It was a cave with a stone laid across the entrance. 39“Take away the stone,” he said.
“But, Lord,” said Martha, the sister of the dead man, “by this time there is a bad odour, for he has been there four days.”
40Then Jesus said, “Did I not tell you that if you believed, you would see the glory of God?”
41So they took away the stone. Then Jesus looked up and said, “Father, I thank you that you have heard me. 42I knew that you always hear me, but I said this for the benefit of the people standing here, that they may believe that you sent me.”
43When he had said this, Jesus called in a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out!” 44The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped with strips of linen, and a cloth around his face.
Jesus said to them, “Take off the grave clothes and let him go.”
45Therefore many of the Jews who had come to visit Mary, and had seen what Jesus did, put their faith in him.
John 11: 1-7, 11-14, 17-27, 33-45
* He drove out evil spirits:
31Then he went down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, and on the Sabbath began to teach the people. 32They were amazed at his teaching, because his message had authority.
33In the synagogue there was a man possessed by a demon, an evil spirit. He cried out at the top of his voice, 34“Ha! What do you want with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are ‑ the Holy One of God!”
35“Be quiet!” Jesus said sternly. “Come out of him!” Then the demon threw the man down before them all and came out without injuring him.
36All the people were amazed and said to each other, “What is this teaching? With authority and power he gives orders to evil spirits and they come out!”
Luke 4: 31-36
* He calmed the storm:
22One day Jesus said to his disciples, “Let’s go over to the other side of the lake.” So they got into a boat and set out. 23As they sailed, he fell asleep. A squall came down on the lake, so that the boat was being swamped, and they were in great danger.
24The disciples went and woke him, saying, “Master, Master, we’re going to drown!”
He got up and rebuked the wind and the raging waters; the storm subsided, and all was calm. 25“Where is your faith?” he asked his disciples.
In fear and amazement they asked one another, “Who is this? He commands even the winds and the water, and they obey him.”
Luke 8: 22-25
Jesus was given the title “The Messiah.” `Messiah’ means `Anointed One.’ In the old days they poured oil on a person’s head to anoint him as a prophet, a priest or a king. Jesus was called “The Messiah” because He was chosen to be the most important Prophet, Priest and King of all.
When John the Baptist was put in prison, he began to have doubts if Jesus was the Messiah, so he sent his followers to ask Jesus if He really was the promised Messiah:
18John’s disciples told him about all these things. Calling two of them, 19he sent them to the Lord to ask, “Are you the one who was to come, or should we expect someone else?”
20When the men came to Jesus, they said, “John the Baptist sent us to you to ask, `Are you the one who was to come, or should we expect someone else?'”
21At that very time Jesus cured many who had diseases, sicknesses and evil spirits, and gave sight to many who were blind. 22So he replied to the messengers, “Go back and report to John what you have seen and heard: The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy are cured, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is preached to the poor. 23Blessed is the man who does not fall away on account of me.”
Luke 7: 18-23
Mary prayed this prayer to God when it was revealed to her that she was going to give birth to Jesus the Messiah:
46And Mary said: “My soul glorifies the Lord
47 and my spirit rejoices in God my Saviour,
48 for he has been mindful of the humble state of his servant. From now on all generations will call me blessed,
49 for the Mighty One has done great things for me ‑ holy is his name.
50 His mercy extends to those who fear him, from generation to generation.
51 He has performed mighty deeds with his arm; he has scattered those who are proud in their inmost thoughts.
52 He has brought down rulers from their thrones but has lifted up the humble.
53 He has filled the hungry with good things but has sent the rich away empty.
54 He has helped his servant Israel, remembering to be merciful
55 to Abraham and his descendants for ever, even as he said to our fathers.”
Luke 1: 46-55
- Was Mary married when the angel told her she would have a baby?
- Has Mary ever slept with any man, even Joseph, before the birth of Jesus?
- How is it then possible that she could conceive a child?
- What was the name the angel said the child should be called?
- What good news was brought to the shepherds by the angel Gabriel?
- Why was Jesus called “The Messiah.”
7. God gave Jesus the Messiah the message of the Injil
Jesus the Messiah said that he proclaimed the “good message” from God. `Injil’ means `good message.’ The Good Message Isa preached was that through Him God was going to establish His Kingdom on earth:
14After John was put in prison, Jesus went into Galilee, proclaiming the good news of God. 15“The time has come,” he said. “The kingdom of God is near. Repent and believe the good news!”
Mark 1: 14-15
When Jesus the Messiah started to preach, he read these words from the prophet Isaiah to describe the work He has been called to do:
16He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. And he stood up to read. 17The scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written:
18 “The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed, 19 to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favour.”
Luke 4: 16-19
One of the most surprising things in the teaching of Jesus the Messiah was that He claimed to be able to forgive sins:
17One day as he was teaching, Pharisees and teachers of the law, who had come from every village of Galilee and from Judea and Jerusalem, were sitting there. And the power of the Lord was present for him to heal the sick. 18Some men came carrying a paralytic on a mat and tried to take him into the house to lay him before Jesus. 19When they could not find a way to do this because of the crowd, they went up on the roof and lowered him on his mat through the tiles into the middle of the crowd, right in front of Jesus.
20When Jesus saw their faith, he said, “Friend, your sins are forgiven.”
21The Pharisees and the teachers of the law began thinking to themselves, “Who is this fellow who speaks blasphemy? Who can forgive sins but God alone?”
22Jesus knew what they were thinking and asked, “Why are you thinking these things in your hearts? 23Which is easier: to say, `Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, `Get up and walk’? 24But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins…” He said to the paralysed man, “I tell you, get up, take your mat and go home.”
25Immediately he stood up in front of them, took what he had been lying on and went home praising God. 26Everyone was amazed and gave praise to God. They were filled with awe and said, “We have seen remarkable things today.”
Luke 5: 17-26
The message of the Injil is summed up in a very important parable of Jesus the Messiah. This is the Parable of the Loving Father (Sometimes called the Parable of the Lost Son). This parable explains the love and compassion of God, who wants all men to return to Him to be welcomed as sons:
Man rebels against God and breaks fellowship with Him:
11Jesus continued: “There was a man who had two sons. 12The younger one said to his father, `Father, give me my share of the estate.’ So he divided his property between them.
Because man is separated from God, he fails to find happiness:
13“Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth in wild living. 14After he had spent everything, there was a severe famine in that whole country, and he began to be in need. 15So he went and hired himself out to a citizen of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed pigs. 16He longed to fill his stomach with the pods that the pigs were eating, but no‑one gave him anything.
Man decides to return to God to become His servant:
17“When he came to his senses, he said, `How many of my father’s hired men have food to spare, and here I am starving to death! 18I will set out and go back to my father and say to him: Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. 19I am no longer worthy to be called your son; make me like one of your hired men.’ 20So he got up and went to his father.
God wants man to be more than a servant who obeys the laws. He wants him to be a son who returns His love. So God comes to man to demonstrate his love in a costly and unexpected way. Man accepts God’s love and God welcomes him as a son:
“But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and was filled with compassion for him; he ran to his son, threw his arms around him and kissed him.
21“The son said to him, `Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’
22“But the father said to his servants, `Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet. 23Bring the fattened calf and kill it. Let’s have a feast and celebrate. 24For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.’ So they began to celebrate.
Some people try to worship God by serving Him as servants who keep the law, in stead of loving Him as sons:
25“Meanwhile, the older son was in the field. When he came near the house, he heard music and dancing. 26So he called one of the servants and asked him what was going on. 27`Your brother has come,’ he replied, `and your father has killed the fattened calf because he has him back safe and sound.’
28“The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him. 29But he answered his father, `Look! All these years I’ve been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends. 30But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!’
31“`My son,’ the father said, `you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. 32But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.'”
Luke 15: 11-32
The story has no ending – every person who serves God only as a servant must decide whether or not he will accept God’s invitation to become a son:
Jesus the Messiah taught his disciples to pray to God as sons speaking to a loving Father. This prayer is known as the “Lord’s Prayer”:
9“This, then, is how you should pray:
Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name,
10 your kingdom come, your will be done on earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us today our daily bread.
12 Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.”
Matthew 6: 9-13
- Good Message and Injil means the same. What is God’s good message for all people?
- Who is the only person who can forgive sin?
- What sign did Jesus perform to show that He is able to forgive sin?
- Why could Jesus forgive sin?
- What does the parable of the loving Father teach us?
- Is it possible to know God as you would know a loving father?
8. God showed His love for sinful man through the death of Jesus the Messiah
The Jewish leaders wanted to kill Jesus the Messiah because He spoke of God in such a way that He put Himself equal to God. This happened after Jesus the Messiah had healed a man on the Sabbath Day.
2Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep Gate a pool, which in Aramaic is called Bethesda and which is surrounded by five covered colonnades. 3Here a great number of disabled people used to lie ‑ the blind, the lame, the paralysed. 5One who was there had been an invalid for thirty‑eight years. 6When Jesus saw him lying there and learned that he had been in this condition for a long time, he asked him, “Do you want to get well?”
7“Sir,” the invalid replied, “I have no‑one to help me into the pool when the water is stirred. While I am trying to get in, someone else goes down ahead of me.”
8Then Jesus said to him, “Get up! Pick up your mat and walk.” 9At once the man was cured; he picked up his mat and walked.
The day on which this took place was a Sabbath, 10and so the Jews said to the man who had been healed, “It is the Sabbath; the law forbids you to carry your mat.”
11But he replied, “The man who made me well said to me, `Pick up your mat and walk.'”
12So they asked him, “Who is this fellow who told you to pick it up and walk?”
13The man who was healed had no idea who it was, for Jesus had slipped away into the crowd that was there.
14Later Jesus found him at the temple and said to him, “See, you are well again. Stop sinning or something worse may happen to you.” 15The man went away and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well.
16So, because Jesus was doing these things on the Sabbath, the Jews persecuted him. 17Jesus said to them, “My Father is always at his work to this very day, and I, too, am working.” 18For this reason the Jews tried all the harder to kill him; not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God.
John 5: 2-3a, 4-18
Jesus the Messiah knew that the Jews were planning to arrest Him. So He prayed that God would save Him from suffering and death. But if it was God’s will, He was willing to suffer and die.
39Jesus went out as usual, to the Mount of Olives, and his disciples followed him. 40On reaching the place, he said to them, “Pray that you will not fall into temptation.” 41He withdrew about a stone’s throw beyond them, knelt down and prayed, 42“Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done.” 43An angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. 44And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.
When Jesus was arrested He rebuked Peter for trying to defend Him, explaining that if He wanted to, He could ask God to send angels to rescue Him:
50Then the men stepped forward, seized Jesus and arrested him. 51With that, one of Jesus’ companions reached for his sword, drew it out and struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his ear.
52“Put your sword back in its place,” Jesus said to him, “for all who draw the sword will die by the sword. 53Do you think I cannot call on my Father, and he will at once put at my disposal more than twelve legions of angels? 54But how then would the Scriptures be fulfilled that say it must happen in this way?”
Matthew 26: 50b-54
When Jesus was tried by the Sanhedrin, the Supreme Jewish Court, the High Priest accused Him of blasphemy:
66At daybreak the council of the elders of the people, both the chief priests and teachers of the law, met together, and Jesus was led before them.
67“If you are the Christ,” they said, “tell us.” Jesus answered, “If I tell you, you will not believe me, 68and if I asked you, you would not answer. 69But from now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the mighty God.”
70They all asked, “Are you then the Son of God?”
He replied, “You are right in saying I am.”
71Then they said, “Why do we need any more testimony? We have heard it from his own lips.”
231Then the whole assembly rose and led him off to Pilate. 2And they began to accuse him, saying, “We have found this man subverting our nation. He opposes payment of taxes to Caesar and claims to be Christ, a king.”
Luke 22: 66 – 23: 2
The Jewish Council did not have the Authority to sentence Jesus to death, so they persuaded Pilate, the Roman ruler, to give permission for Jesus to be crucified:
20Wanting to release Jesus, Pilate appealed to them again. 21But they kept shouting, “Crucify him! Crucify him!”
22For the third time he spoke to them: “Why? What crime has this man committed? I have found in him no grounds for the death penalty. Therefore I will have him punished and then release him.”
23But with loud shouts they insistently demanded that he be crucified, and their shouts prevailed. 24So Pilate decided to grant their demand. 25He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, the one they asked for, and surrendered Jesus to their will.
26As they led him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene, who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus.
Luke 23: 20-26
Jesus was nailed to the cross:
32Two other men, both criminals, were also led out with him to be executed. 33When they came to the place called the Skull, there they crucified him, along with the criminals ‑ one on his right, the other on his left. 34Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” And they divided up his clothes by casting lots.
35The people stood watching, and the rulers even sneered at him. They said, “He saved others; let him save himself if he is the Christ of God, the Chosen One.”
36The soldiers also came up and mocked him. They offered him wine vinegar 37and said, “If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself.”
38There was a written notice above him, which read: THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
39One of the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him: “Aren’t you the Christ? Save yourself and us!”
40But the other criminal rebuked him. “Don’t you fear God,” he said, “since you are under the same sentence? 41We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong.”
42Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.”
43Jesus answered him, “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise.”
Luke 23: 32-43
Jesus gave his life on the cross:
44It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour, 45for the sun stopped shining. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two. 46Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” When he had said this, he breathed his last.
47The centurion, seeing what had happened, praised God and said, “Surely this was a righteous man.” 48When all the people who had gathered to witness this sight saw what took place, they beat their breasts and went away. 49But all those who knew him, including the women who had followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things.
Luke 23: 44-49
Many years earlier the prophet Isaiah spoke of someone whom God calls “my Servant.” He prophesied that this “Servant of the Lord” will bear the sins of men through His own death. When Jesus was baptised, God revealed that He was the “Servant of the Lord.”
4Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted.
5But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed.
6We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
Isaiah 53: 4-6
In this prayer from the Zabur the Prophet feels that God has abandoned him, but he also prayed that God will rescue him. Jesus quoted the first verse as He hung on the cross. On the cross Jesus was abandoned by God as punishment for our sins, so that His followers will never be abandoned by God:
1My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?
Why are you so far from saving me,
so far from the words of my groaning?
2O my God, I cry out by day, but you do not answer,
by night, and am not silent.
3Yet you are enthroned as the Holy One;
you are the praise of Israel.
4In you our fathers put their trust;
they trusted and you delivered them.
5They cried to you and were saved;
in you they trusted and were not disappointed.
6But I am a worm and not a man,
scorned by men and despised by the people.
7All who see me mock me;
they hurl insults, shaking their heads:
8“He trusts in the LORD; let the LORD rescue him.
Let him deliver him, since he delights in him.”
9Yet you brought me out of the womb;
you made me trust in you even at my mother’s breast.
10From birth I was cast upon you;
from my mother’s womb you have been my God.
11Do not be far from me,
for trouble is near and there is no‑one to help.
12Many bulls surround me;
strong bulls of Basin encircle me.
13Roaring lions tearing their prey
open their mouths wide against me.
14I am poured out like water,
and all my bones are out of joint.
My heart has turned to wax;
it has melted away within me.
15My strength is dried up like a potsherd,
and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth;
you lay me in the dust of death.
16Dogs have surrounded me;
a band of evil men has encircled me,
they have pierced my hands and my feet.
17I can count all my bones;
people stare and gloat over me.
18They divide my garments among them
and cast lots for my clothing.
19But you, O LORD, be not far off;
O my Strength, come quickly to help me.
Psalms 22: 1-19
- Why did the Jewish leaders want to kill Jesus?
- Was it God’s will that Jesus should suffer and die?
- Did Jesus need the disciples to defend Him? __________________________________________________
- Why not? __________________________________________________
- What did Jesus answer when He was asked if He was the Son of God?
- What did the High Priest accuse Jesus of?
- What prophet prophesied many years earlier that the Messiah, who is the “Servant of the Lord,” would suffer for our sins?
- Why did God abandon Jesus when he was on the cross?
9. God raises Jesus from death
The body of Jesus was taken down from the cross and placed in a cave tomb:
50Now there was a man named Joseph, a member of the Council, a good and upright man, 51who had not consented to their decision and action. He came from the Judean town of Arimathea and he was waiting for the kingdom of God. 52Going to Pilate, he asked for Jesus’ body. 53Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen cloth and placed it in a tomb cut in the rock, one in which no‑one had yet been laid. 54It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin.
55The women who had come with Jesus from Galilee followed Joseph and saw the tomb and how his body was laid in it. 56Then they went home and prepared spices and perfumes. But they rested on the Sabbath in obedience to the commandment.
Luke 23: 50-56
On the third day the Disciples discovered that the body of Jesus was not in the tomb any more. An angel appeared to them and explained that He had been raised form the dead:
1On the first day of the week, very early in the morning, the women took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb. 2They found the stone rolled away from the tomb, 3but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. 4While they were wondering about this, suddenly two men in clothes that gleamed like lightning stood beside them. 5In their fright the women bowed down with their faces to the ground, but the men said to them, “Why do you look for the living among the dead? 6He is not here; he has risen! Remember how he told you, while he was still with you in Galilee: 7`The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, be crucified and on the third day be raised again.'” 8Then they remembered his words.
9When they came back from the tomb, they told all these things to the Eleven and to all the others. 10It was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the others with them who told this to the apostles. 11But they did not believe the women, because their words seemed to them like nonsense. 12Peter, however, got up and ran to the tomb. Bending over, he saw the strips of linen lying by themselves, and he went away, wondering to himself what had happened.
Luke 24: 1-12
After His resurrection Jesus appeared to two of His Disciples and explained to them from the Scriptures why it was necessary for the Messiah to suffer before being raised by God:
13Now that same day two of them were going to a village called Emmaus, about seven miles from Jerusalem. 14They were talking with each other about everything that had happened. 15As they talked and discussed these things with each other, Jesus himself came up and walked along with them; 16but they were kept from recognising him.
17He asked them, “What are you discussing together as you walk along?”
They stood still, their faces downcast. 18One of them, named Cleopas, asked him, “Are you only a visitor to Jerusalem and do not know the things that have happened there in these days?”
19“What things?” he asked. “About Jesus of Nazareth,” they replied. “He was a prophet, powerful in word and deed before God and all the people. 20The chief priests and our rulers handed him over to be sentenced to death, and they crucified him; 21but we had hoped that he was the one who was going to redeem Israel. And what is more, it is the third day since all this took place. 22In addition, some of our women amazed us. They went to the tomb early this morning 23but didn’t find his body. They came and told us that they had seen a vision of angels, who said he was alive. 24Then some of our companions went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said, but him they did not see.”
25He said to them, “How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?” 27And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself.
28As they approached the village to which they were going, Jesus acted as if he were going further. 29But they urged him strongly, “Stay with us, for it is nearly evening; the day is almost over.” So he went in to stay with them.
30When he was at the table with them, he took bread, gave thanks, broke it and began to give it to them. 31Then their eyes were opened and they recognised him, and he disappeared from their sight. 32They asked each other, “Were not our hearts burning within us while he talked with us on the road and opened the Scriptures to us?”
33They got up and returned at once to Jerusalem. There they found the Eleven and those with them, assembled together 34and saying, “It is true! The Lord has risen and has appeared to Simon.” 35Then the two told what had happened on the way, and how Jesus was recognised by them when he broke the bread.
After His resurrection Jesus appeared to all the Disciples, and told them to preach the message of forgiveness of sins to all nations:
36While they were still talking about this, Jesus himself stood among them and said to them, “Peace be with you.”
37They were startled and frightened, thinking they saw a ghost. 38He said to them, “Why are you troubled, and why do doubts rise in your minds? 39Look at my hands and my feet. It is I myself! Touch me and see; a ghost does not have flesh and bones, as you see I have.”
40When he had said this, he showed them his hands and feet. 41And while they still did not believe it because of joy and amazement, he asked them, “Do you have anything here to eat?” 42They gave him a piece of broiled fish, 43and he took it and ate it in their presence.
44He said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.”
45Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures. 46He told them, “This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, 47and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
Luke 24: 36-47
The writer of the letter to the Hebrews explains that because Jesus was willing to die on the cross, He has broken the power of death and the Devil. He is now able to help us in all our temptations and suffering because he has identified with us right to the end:
13And again he says,
“Here am I, and the children God has given me.”
14Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death ‑ that is, the devil ‑ 15and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death. 16For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham’s descendants. 17For this reason he had to be made like his brothers in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people. 18Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.
Hebrews 2: 14-18
In the Zabur the Prophet puts his trust in God, because he knows that God will protect him from the power of death. He is also glad that he will be with God forever:
1Keep me safe, O God, for in you I take refuge.
2I said to the LORD, “You are my Lord;
apart from you I have no good thing.”
3As for the saints who are in the land, they are the glorious ones in whom is all my delight.
4The sorrows of those will increase who run after other gods.
I will not pour out their libations of blood or take up their names on my lips.
5LORD, you have assigned me my portion and my cup; you have made my lot secure.
6The boundary lines have fallen for me in pleasant places; surely I have a delightful inheritance.
7I will praise the LORD, who counsels me; even at night my heart instructs me.
8I have set the LORD always before me.
Because he is at my right hand, I shall not be shaken.
9Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices; my body also will rest secure,
10 because you will not abandon me to the grave, nor will you let your Holy One see decay.
11You have made known to me the path of life; you will fill me with joy in your presence, with eternal pleasures at your right hand.
Psalms 16: 1-11
- What did the women discover when they went to Jesus’ grave early on Sunday morning?
- What did the angels tell the women?
- Where were the two disciples going when Jesus met them on the way?
- What did Jesus the Messiah say must happen to Himself according to the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms?
- What message must be proclaimed to all the nations, starting in Jerusalem?
- What power has Jesus broken by dying on the cross?
10. God gave His Spirit to the Disciples. They recognised Jesus as God’s Messiah and God’s Word
While Jesus was still on earth, He told His disciples that after He will be lifted up to heaven, He will send them another Counsellor, the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is also called the Spirit of God. The Counsellor will comfort and guide them:
15“If you love me, you will obey what I command. 16And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counsellor to be with you for ever ‑17the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you.
26But the Counsellor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.
167But I tell you the truth: It is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Counsellor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. 8When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment: 9in regard to sin, because men do not believe in me; 10in regard to righteousness, because I am going to the Father, where you can see me no longer; 11and in regard to judgment, because the prince of this world now stands condemned.
13But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come. 14He will bring glory to me by taking from what is mine and making it known to you.
John 14: 15-17, 26; 16: 7-11, 13-14
After the resurrection of Jesus the Messiah, before He was taken to heaven, he told His disciples that God would soon send His Spirit to live in them:
2[Before] the day he was taken up to heaven, [he gave] instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles he had chosen. 3After his suffering, he showed himself to these men and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive. He appeared to them over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God. 4On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about. 5For John baptised with water, but in a few days you will be baptised with the Holy Spirit.”
8“But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.”
9After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight.
Acts 1: 2b-5, 8-9
After He was taken up to heaven, the angels told His disciples that He would on day return to the earth:
10They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them. 11“Men of Galilee,” they said, “why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven.”
Acts 1: 10-11
After some days, the Holy Spirit came on the Disciples:
1When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. 2Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. 4All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.
Acts 2: 1-4
When the Spirit of God was given to the Disciples, the apostle Peter explained what had happened to Jesus the Messiah:
22“Men of Israel, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know. 23This man was handed over to you by God’s set purpose and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross. 24But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him. 25David said about him:
`I saw the Lord always before me.
Because he is at my right hand, I will not be shaken.
26 Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices;
my body also will live in hope,
27 because you will not abandon me to the grave,
nor will you let your Holy One see decay.
28 You have made known to me the paths of life;
you will fill me with joy in your presence.’
29“Brothers, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is here to this day. 30But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne. 31Seeing what was ahead, he spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to the grave, nor did his body see decay. 32God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of the fact. 33Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear. 34For David did not ascend to heaven, and yet he said,
`The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand
35 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”‘
36“Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.”
37When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?”
38Peter replied, “Repent and be baptised, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off ‑ for all whom the Lord our God will call.”
Acts 2: 22-39
The apostle Paul explains that when we receive forgiveness of our sins through the death of Jesus, we also receive the Holy Spirit. The Spirit of God makes it possible for us to obey His laws:
1Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus, 2because through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit of life set me free from the law of sin and death. 3For what the law was powerless to do in that it was weakened by the sinful nature, God did by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful man to be a sin offering. And so he condemned sin in sinful man, 4in order that the righteous requirements of the law might be fully met in us, who do not live according to the sinful nature but according to the Spirit.
5Those who live according to the sinful nature have their minds set on what that nature desires; but those who live in accordance with the Spirit have their minds set on what the Spirit desires. 6The mind of sinful man is death, but the mind controlled by the Spirit is life and peace; 7the sinful mind is hostile to God. It does not submit to God’s law, nor can it do so. 8Those controlled by the sinful nature cannot please God.
9You, however, are controlled not by the sinful nature but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Christ. 10But if Christ is in you, your body is dead because of sin, yet your spirit is alive because of righteousness. 11And if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit, who lives in you.
12Therefore, brothers, we have an obligation ‑ but it is not to the sinful nature, to live according to it. 13For if you live according to the sinful nature, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the misdeeds of the body, you will live, 14because those who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. 15For you did not receive a spirit that makes you a slave again to fear, but you received the Spirit of adoption. And by him we cry, “Abba, Father.” 16The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children. 17Now if we are children, then we are heirs ‑ heirs of God and co‑heirs with Christ, if indeed we share in his sufferings in order that we may also share in his glory.
Romans 8: 1-17
In the Zabur, sura 51, the prophet David confesses his sins to God. In Lesson 3 we have studied the first verses of this sura. In the second half he asks God to receive him back into His presence:
10Create in me a pure heart, O God,
and renew a steadfast spirit within me.
11Do not cast me from your presence
or take your Holy Spirit from me.
12Restore to me the joy of your salvation
and grant me a willing spirit, to sustain me.
13Then I will teach transgressors your ways,
and sinners will turn back to you.
14Save me from bloodguilt, O God,
the God who saves me,
and my tongue will sing of your righteousness.
15O Lord, open my lips,
and my mouth will declare your praise.
16You do not delight in sacrifice, or I would bring it;
you do not take pleasure in burnt offerings.
17The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit;
a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.
Psalms 51: 10-17
- Who is the Counsellor that Jesus mentions in John 14 and 16 that will come?
- What, did Jesus say in Acts 1, will happen to His followers when the Holy Spirit comes over them?
- How do we know that Jesus will return to this world one day?
- What happened to the Apostles on the Day of Pentecost?
- The closing words of Peter on the Day of Pentecost were
very strong words. He said that God has made Jesus
__________________________________________________ and _____________________________________________
- What must we do to receive the gift of the Holy Spirit?
- According to the Apostle Paul there are no condemnation for certain people. What people?
- God does not want animal sacrifices. What does please God?
The Last Words
Thank you that you have gone through this study of selected passages from the Tawrah [Law of Moses], Zabur [Psalms] and Injil [New Testament]. As you might know, all these Scriptures have been put together in one Holy Book. This is sometimes called the Bible. We hope that you have been encouraged by the message of this study.
The Bible consists of 66 different books, written by more than 40 different writers, taking over 3,500 years to complete. Although the authors lived hundreds of years apart, and did not know each other, yet the message is the same. All 66 books support one another to give us this message: Firstly, that because of sin, man is under the judgement of God. And secondly, that because of His love, God wants to give man a second chance through Jesus the Messiah.
Perhaps you have wondered how you can become a follower of Jesus. Not everyone who has read this book is a follower of Jesus. It is also important to remember that not all Europeans are followers of Jesus. In fact, very few are. Some people even think that only Europeans or other tribes can become followers of Jesus. This is not so. Yaos can also become followers of Him.
To become a follower of Jesus, there are some things you must understand and do:
- You must acknowledge that you have sinned against God by doing what is right in your own eyes.This is what the prophet Isaiah said:
“We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own ways..”
See also chapter 3 of this book.
- You must confess your sins by mentioning it to God in prayer. This is what the prophet David prayed after he sinned:
“For I know my transgressions,
and my sin is always before me.
Against you, only you, I have sinned
and done what is evil in your sight,
so that you are proved right when you speak
and justified when you judge.
Surely I was sinful at birth,
sinful from the time my mother conceived me.”
Psalm 51: 3-5
See also chapter 3 of this book.
- You must acknowledge that Jesus was indeed who he claimed to be at His trail: the Messiah, who is also the Son of God. Listen to this conversation between Jesus and Martha, one of His first followers:
Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies; and whoever lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?”
“Yes, Lord,” she told him, “I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who was to come into the world.”
John 11: 25-27
See also chapter 6 of this book and John 20:31:
But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
- You must invite Jesus the Messiah to come into your life. He promised that he will do so. He Himself said:
“Here I am! I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in…”
You can invite Him into your life by prayer. Here is an example of a prayer you can pray:
“Lord God, I thank you that You spoke to me through Your Word that I read. I confess that I have sinned against You by my deeds and my thoughts. Please forgive me. Thank you that Jesus died for my sins on the cross. I ask Jesus to come into my life, and receive Him as my Lord and Saviour. I will obey all His teachings as we find it in Your Holy Book, the Bible. Guide my life in the right way. Make me as you want me to be. Amen.”
Is this the prayer of your heart? God is not concerned whether you use the right words. He sees your heart. This is what David prayed:
“My sacrifice, O God, is a broken spirit;
a broken and contrite heart,
O God, you will not despise.”
See also chapter 10 of this book.
If you pray this prayer, and really mean it, the Holy Spirit will come into your life.
Pray right now.
If you have asked Jesus to come into your life, and you have been serious about it, several things have happened. This will mean that you will have to do some things:
You became a follower of Jesus, which is also called a believer.
All your sins of the past have been forgiven by God. “If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins..” (1 John 1:9)
The Holy Spirit came to live inside you. “Repent and be baptised, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” (Acts 2:38)
God adopted you as His child. “Yet to all who received him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God..” (John 1:12)
You became a member of the household of God. “..We are God’s house, if we hold on to our courage and the hope of which we boast.” (Hebrews 3:6b)
|What you must do:
Study the words of Jesus every day and follow His teachings. Jesus said, “If you love me, you will obey what I command.” (John 14: 15)
You must show it to your friend and family by a ritual washing of the whole body, called baptism. This is what Peter told those who came to faith: “Repent and be baptised, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ..” (Acts 2:38a)
Do not grief the Holy Spirit by continuing to sin. If the Spirit makes you aware of any sin, confess it and stop doing it. “And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God..” (Ephesians 4:30)
Talk to God regularly in prayer, in the same way a child will talk to his father. “For you did not receive a spirit that makes you a slave again to fear, but you received the Spirit of adoption. And by him we cry, `Abba, Father.'” (Romans 8:15)
You must meet regularly with other followers of Jesus, to study the Bible and pray with them. “Let us not give up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but let us encourage one another..” (Hebrews 10:25b)
May the Lord our God bless you and be with you on your new walk together with Him.
Salaam Alaikum! (Peace be with you!)
- Only one God. (Exodus 20:3-5a)
- Only one God. (Mark 12:29)
- They will not inherit the kingdom of God. (Galatians 5:20-21)
- They will be cast into hell. (Revelation 21:8)
- To sing joyfully to the LORD and to praise Him. (Psalms 33:1)
- Because we can see His greatness in the whole world that He has created; for the way He has revealed Himself through His mighty acts in history; and for the way He has created us.
- Love God and love your neighbour. (Matthew 22:34-40)
- ..to what we think. (Matthew 5:21-22)
- Love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you. (Matthew 5:44)
- By living according to the word of the LORD. (Psalms 119:9)
- It meant that their bodies would die and that they would be separated from God.
- They were responsible for their own sin. (Ezekiel 18:4 and 30)
- You are responsible for your own sins. (Ezekiel 18:4 and 30)
- No, all have sinned. (Romans 3:9-12, 23)
- It means to disobey God and failure to do what the law of God requires.
- He confessed his sins and asked God’s forgiveness. (Psalms 51: 1-4)
- He love us and care for us. (Psalm 103:8-13)
- He wants to forgive us. (Hosea 11:8-9; Psalm 103:10)
- Aaron were to offer sacrifices to purify the people of their sins. (Leviticus 9:7)
- Aaron had to take two male goats for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. (Leviticus 16:5)
- The Messiah. (Hebrews 9:26)
- God reveals Himself through His Word.
- So that His people could worship Him in the Tabernacle and so that they could know that God was with them. (Leviticus 26:11-13a and Exodus 29:45-46)
- He would one day come to live among His people in a new way. (Isaiah 40:3-5)
- John the Baptist. (Luke 3:2b-4)
- Bethlehem. (Micah 5:2)
- No. (Luke 1: 26-27)
- No, never. (Luke 1: 26-27, 34)
- Through the power of the Holy Spirit. (Luke 1: 35)
- “Jesus.” (Luke 1: 31)
- That on that day in the town of David (Bethlehem) a Saviour has been born to them; he is Christ the Lord. (Luke 2: 11)
- Jesus was called “The Messiah” because He was chosen to be the most important Prophet, Priest and King of all.
- That through Jesus God was going to establish His Kingdom on earth. (Mark 1:15)
- Only God. (Luke 5:21)
- He healed a paralysed man. (Luke 5:23-24)
- Because Jesus, the Son of Man, had the same authority as God. (Luke 5:24)
- This parable explains that God loves us and has compassion for us like a very good father. He wants all men to return to Him so that He can welcome them as children. (Luke 15:11-32)
- The Jewish leaders wanted to kill Jesus the Messiah because He healed a man on the Sabbath day and because He spoke of God in such a way that He put Himself equal to God. (John 5:18)
- Yes. (Luke 22:42-44)
- Because if He wanted to, He could ask God to send more than twelve legions of angels to rescue Him. (Matthew 26:53)
- “You are right in saying I am.” (Luke 22:70)
- That Jesus was subverting their nation, that He opposed payment of taxes to Caesar and that He claimed to be the Christ, a king. (Luke 23:2)
- The prophet Isaiah. (Isaiah 53: 4-6)
- On the cross Jesus was abandoned by God as punishment for our sins, so that His followers will never be abandoned by God.
- They found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. (Luke 24:2-3)
- “Why do you look for the living among the dead? He is not here; he has risen!..” (Luke 24:5-6)
- To Emmaus. (Luke 24:13)
- Everything had to be fulfilled that was written about him in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms and the Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day. (Luke 24:44 & 47)
- Repentance and forgiveness of sins. (Luke 24:47)
- The power of death and the Devil. (Hebrews 2:14-15)
- The Holy Spirit. (John 14:26)
- They would receive power to be His witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth. (Acts 1:8)
- The angels told them. (Acts 1:10-11)
- They were all filled with the Holy Spirit. (Acts 2:1-4)
- Lord and Christ. (Acts 2:36)
- We must repent and be baptised in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of our sins. (Acts 2:38)
- Those who are in Christ Jesus. (Romans 8:1)
- The sacrifices that pleases God are a broken spirit and contrite heart. (Psalms 51:17)